Research publications

Sometimes the laws are the same for youth, sometimes they are different. Sexting is sending or receiving sexual pictures, messages or videos through technology, such as cell phones, apps, email, the internet or webcams. Sexting is serious business. What may start out as a seemingly innocent photo to your boyfriend or girlfriend can turn into much more. What if the recipient shows the image to their friends? What if the recipient forwards the image to others via text or Snapchat? What if the image gets posted online or to a group message? Suddenly the image has gone viral, and you cannot take it back. A University of Calgary study reports that

Age of consent reform in Canada

To help protect youth from sexual predators and to fight child sexual exploitation, which has become increasingly prominent in the age of the Internet, the Government of Canada has passed new legislation increasing the age of consent for sexual activity. From until recently, the age at which a youth could consent to nonexploitative sexual activity was 14 years 1. With the recent change to the criminal code of Canada, the age of consent for nonexploitative sexual activity is now 16 years.

Nonexploitative activity is defined as sexual activity that does not involve prostitution or pornography, and where there is no relationship of trust, authority or dependency between the persons involved 1. A coach, spiritual leader, teacher, school principal, guidance counsellor or family member are all examples of persons in a position of trust or authority with youth. For exploitative sexual activity prostitution or pornography, or where there is a relationship of trust, authority or dependency , the age of consent is 18 years.

Written court decisions or judgments can be found online and/or in print law reports. For most provinces, decisions from about the lates.

Statutory Rape in Canada is defined as any sexual contact with a person under the age of consent. This usually refers to an adults touching children for sexual purposes. The age of consent is consistent across Canada and does not vary between provinces. This means that people who are 15 years of age or younger cannot legally consent to sexual activity. Engaging in sexual activity or sexual touching of a person under the age of consent can result in, among other charges, a charge of statutory rape.

In , the age of consent was changed from 14 years of age to 16 years of age. This was the first time that the law on the age of consent had been changed since This was in part done to deal with the ever-growing issue of internet predators. The first allows children ages 12 or 13 to consent to sexual activity with someone who is less than two years old than them.

The second allows 14 and 15 year olds to consent to sexual activity with partners that are less than five years older than them. Depending on the situation, the close in age exemptions may exempt a person completely from a charge under statutory rape laws or it may merely act as a defence to such a charge. For example, under the first exemption, if a 13 year old and a 14 year old engage in sexual activities together, this would fall under the first close in age exemption and would not be considered statutory rape.

Further, under the second exemption, if a person who is 14 years old and a person who is 18 years old engage in sexual activity together, they would fall under the second close in age exemption and this would not be considered statutory rape.

New sexual consent law may confuse teens

It’s exciting to complete the purchase of your new home, but don’t make the mistake of assuming your work is done. There are still plenty of steps that need to be completed. Missing even one step can cause problems that at best are inconvenient and at worse could lead to significant legal problems that are difficult and costly to correct.

If there are conditions (e.g. financing), you must ensure that you satisfy or remove the condition on or before the date you have indicated. If a condition date.

It is then referred to as an Act, not a Bill. A law comes into force either upon proclamation or on a specified date, whichever is indicated in the Bill itself. If nothing is indicated in the Bill as to when it will come into force, then it comes into force immediately upon receiving Royal Assent. Information regarding proclamation dates can be obtained by calling the Legislative Counsel branch of Alberta Justice at These reports are updated within minutes of any vote on a Bill.

Further questions about the status of the Bill can be directed to bills assembly. Bill activity, the Bill text, and any adopted amendments can also be accessed by selecting the Bill.

Youth and the Law in Alberta

The Age of Consent in Canada is 16 years old. The age of consent is the minimum age at which an individual is considered legally old enough to consent to participation in sexual activity. Individuals aged 15 or younger in Canada are not legally able to consent to sexual activity, and such activity may result in prosecution for statutory rape or the equivalent local law.

Sometimes the laws are the same for youth, sometimes they are different. The Alberta Government reports that about 25% of students in.

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Statutory Rape in Canada

In Alberta, there is formal legislation on bullying and cyberbullying under the School Act. The legislation is a commitment of the school community to ensure a welcoming, caring, respectful and safe learning environment. The legislation specifically prohibits students from bullying others in school, during the school day or by electronic means cyberbullying. Students have an obligation to report bullying behaviour, including cyberbullying. Furthermore, school boards must establish a code of conduct for students that addresses bullying behaviour.

For more details on cyberbullying legislation, including federal legislation, please visit: Legal Consequences of Cyberbullying.

Canadian case law, dating back to , including the Supreme Court, the Federal Court of Appeal, and appellate courts from Alberta, British Columbia, Ontario.

The topics in the Dial-A-Law series provide general information on a wide variety of legal issues in the Province of Alberta. This topic discusses separation and divorce. Generally, if you and your spouse no longer live together you are considered separated. Under certain circumstances, it is possible to live separate and apart even though both spouses live under the same roof. This is possible if the spouses sleep in separate bedrooms, there is little or no communication between the spouses; there are no sexual relations; the parties do not perform domestic services i.

Every situation is different, and this list is not exhaustive.

Abuse and Violence

Abuse and violence can take many forms: physical, psychological, verbal, financial. The resources in the following sections can help if you or someone you know is being treated badly. In the Workplace. In the Community.

the age at which the criminal law recognizes the legal capacity of a young person It specifies that the testimony of a person as to the date of his or her birth is.

There will be a charge for this. An unreported decision or unreported judgment is the decision of a judge that has not been published in a case law reporter. Officials, Agencies, Boards, Commissions and Tribunals often make their decisions available through their own websites. Print Page. This guide is intended to help researchers locate cases and decisions and provide links to sources for Canadian Federal as well as Alberta and the other provinces and territories case law.

Search this Guide Search. Alberta Rules of Court. CanLII, is a non-profit organization managed by the Federation of Law Societies of Canada to provide Open Access, freely accessible primary legal material, including court judgments, tribunal decisions, statutes and regulations from all Canadian jurisdictions. WestlawNext Canada more WestlawNext Canada is a full text and indexing database that provides access to a variety of law and finding tools.

Wills & Estate Law in Canada

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